The ovarian reserve in women over the age of 35
A growing number of women are deciding to have their first child after the age of 35. Only 2% of them go to see the specialists in order to have a study of their ovarian reserve done.
Currently there are many women who want to become a mother at the age of 35 or even older. However, when they go to see the specialists after some unsuccessful attemps of getting pregnant, they discover that their ovarian reserve is about to run out.
To solve this problem, the experts claim that women need to know that in order to get pregnant, is it necessary to previously get the ovarian reserve study done.
Experts define ovarian reserve as the quantity of available folicules in the ovaries. This is directly related with the quality of available folicules and oocytes.
If we take a look to the past, the delay of the motherhood has become a very common phenomenon.
According to the Spanish Health Ministry, there has been in the last years in Spain an exponential growth of the births produced by in vitro fertilization.
The oozytes vitrification is the only one that allows women preserve their fertility. This technique offers to the women the possibility of preserving their eggs ir order to be fertilized in the future.
This technique should be carried out preferably before turning 35 to garantee the women that the preserved eggs have a good quality a there are many possibilities of fertilization.
The experts claim that it is important for the women to know their ovarian reserve in order to decide if it is convenient delaying the motherhood.
The test that need to be done in a fertility study are an ultrasound scan and an hormone test. The anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is specially analysed.
During the whole treatment, an ovarian stimulation is carried out with the aim of extracting the eggs through an ovarian puncture with sedation. Only the mature eggs can be vitrified.
According to the experts, the vitrified eggs maintain their quality up to 99% and the cryoconservation time is ilimited.
The average cost of the intervention is around 2,000 euros.
Oncological cases and fertility preservation
The fertility preservation is recommended for the women who need to undertake a cancer treatment, as they need to have very aggressive therapies done, which could lead to permanent infertility. The fertility preservation treatment has to be done before undergoing the chemotherapy or radiotherapy so the women have the possibility of having children in the future.