THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET CAN INCREASE THE CHANCES OF SUCCESSFUL IN VITRO FERTILISATION
Today we are highlighting a new study that will surely interest you as it is related to the in vitro fertilisation treatments and the importance of a healthy diet.
Well, according to the results of a study published in the specialised journal Human Reproduction, women following a Mediterranean diet in the six months prior to undergoing in vitro fertilisation treatment are up to 68% more likely to become pregnant and give birth to a healthy baby than the ones who do not follow this diet. This is the main and novel conclusion of the study conducted by a group of scientists from the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics of the Harokopio University in Athens (Greece).
To reach this conclusion, the researchers analysed the diet of 244 women between 22 and 41 years of age who were registered in an assisted reproduction unit of Athens. None of them suffered from obesity (their body mass index was less than 30 kg/m2).
Filling out a questionnaire, these women responded to questions about the frequency at which they ate certain food groups, obtaining various scores. The higher scores corresponded with a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Subsequently, the scientists found that women who had obtained better scores were also the ones with much higher rates of pregnancy. In total, 138 had a successful implantation of an embryo, 104 of these women achieved a clinical pregnancy, confirmed by ultrasound and 99 gave birth to a live baby.
Thus, the study confirms the influence of a healthy diet on fertility and supports the Mediterranean diet as a positive factor for in vitro fertilisation treatments, paving the way for other similar work that can research this relationship more deeply.
In addition, when going public with the findings of their research, the authors also mentioned a prior study conducted by their work group among men, in which they discovered that the Mediterranean diet may also be beneficial in improving the quality of sperm.
The Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet
Up until this point, we knew the benefits of the Mediterranean diet in improving the quality of life, but the association between the Mediterranean diet and the success rates of in vitro fertilisation is quite novel.
The Mediterranean diet was handed down to us by our ancestors and it is based on the use of natural and local ingredients for cooking, ingredients that come from countries with a Mediterranean climate, like Spain, Italy and Greece.
In recent years, the concept has been widely used and even idealised until it became somewhat vague but, to avoid getting lost in differing terminologies, the key to this kind of nourishment is the fresh, local and seasonal produce.
In the Mediterranean diet there is an extensive presence of plant-based foods such as vegetables, fruits, tubers, nuts and cereals, the common denominator being their great richness in antioxidants, vitamins and fibres.
In addition, olive oil plays an essential role in this type of cuisine, as it is a key component of the Mediterranean tradition, as is wine.
Regarding fish, poultry and eggs, these also play a role in the Mediterranean diet, although to a lesser extent than the mentioned foods. And the presence of red meat is very low.
If you want to correctly follow the Mediterranean diet we recommend you to go to a nutritionist or ask your questions to our professional team, as they will be able to guide you.