Many women worry about an unwanted pregnancy when they are young. At this stage, having a baby could sometimes mean not fulfilling their educational or work goals. However, as the years go by, women begin to wonder if they will be able to conceive. Children suddenly become a priority and questions regarding fertility become important. If pregnancy is not achieved within a few months, women and couples become frustrated with the difficulty. Sometimes fertility is not a topic that people wish to discuss openly which contributes to further stress.
Before 35, the most common sign of infertility is when a couple has unprotected sex for a year and the woman does not get pregnant. We usually focus on this when talking about infertility, but what if we could detect the signs much earlier, or even discover the origin of the problem? In this article, five important signs that indicate that you might have trouble getting pregnant are discussed.
The five signs
A women’s cycle is usually around 28 days long. However, some women’s cycles are a bit shorter or a bit longer but they can still be considered regular. Menstruation is irregular if the length of the menstrual cycle (the gap between periods starting) keeps changing. Irregular periods are caused by medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid pathology or the beginning of perimenopause.
2. Painful menstruation and painful sexual intercourse
Menstruation is painful for some women. However, when this pain is disabling and has a significant impact on a woman’s life or when women experience pain during or after intercourse, the pain can be a symptom of endometriosis. This disease is relatively common and is caused by the presence of endometrial tissue (the lining of the womb) outside the uterus. Endometriosis may lead to infertility due to the presence of ovarian cysts and adhesions which obstruct the Fallopian tubes and can diminish the ovarian reserve.
3. Absence of menstruation
Sometimes a woman may skip her period. This can be due to many different issues such as stress which is usually not important. Other times, problems like low body weight, obesity, thyroid pathology, just to name a few, can cause a woman not to have her period, so it is important to consult a doctor if this happens more than once.
When menstruation disappears permanently without an apparent cause, it may be due to premature ovarian failure. The is when ovarian activity slows down or disappears and regular ovulation and periods do not occur.
4. Family history & infertility
In some families there is a history of miscarriages and infertility that needs to be taken into account. If women in the same family have a history of miscarriages or early menopause, this could be another possible sign of a fertility problem. Even though the woman is young, it is good to be monitored by a doctor.
5. Symptoms of hormone fluctuations
Another potential sign for infertility is hormonal imbalance which is reflected in skin problems, facial hair growth, thinning hair and weight gain. These hormonal changes may indicate potential problems with fertility.
Experiencing one or even several of the symptoms mentioned above does not necessarily mean that a woman is infertile. However, a doctor should be consulted to monitor each case. If you do have a health problem that can negatively impact your fertility, know that you’re not alone, and that many treatment options are available if you’re interested in seeking help. ProcreaTec helps people around the world fulfill their dreams of becoming mothers and fathers. If you wish to have a baby and are struggling, our team would be happy to accompany you on your path to parenthood.