Having a balanced diet affects male fertility and men’s ability to father children. Men that eat as healthy and as varied a diet as possible will enhance and strengthen their fertility. Eating foods that are low in fat will lead to better quality male fertility.
For many years, a great range of scientific studies have demonstrated the importance of diet on male fertility. It not only affects sperm quality but also the quantity of sperm created.
There are particular vitamins and minerals that have very positive effects on the body, and help to boost male fertility. The main vitamins are vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E and, as regards minerals, zinc and selenium are important.
Foods such as fruits and vegetables are especially important, as well as white and blue fish for their fatty acids. Other key nutrients for fertility include, pulses, nuts such as almonds or walnuts, pumpkin seeds and white meat.
What foods improve male fertility?
Vitamin A protects the cells in the male reproductive system, preventing premature aging. It helps create steroids, which are used to make progesterone.
- It is found in in, liver, carrots, margarine, pates, butter, fatty cheeses, eggs, sweet potatoes, spinach, cream, watercress, swordfish and mango.
Vitamin C helps prevent sperm defects and stimulates sperm motility. It is an antioxidant and reduces the negative effects of free radicals.
- It is found in, acerola, guava, blackcurrant, red pepper, parsley, kiwi, broccoli, currants, Brussels sprouts, persimmon, papaya, strawberry, orange, lemon, cantaloupe, cauliflower, grapefruit, raspberry, tangerine and spinach.
Vitamin D, taken along with calcium, helps improve fertility.
- It is found in cod liver oil, fish, herring, salmon, evaporated milk, eggs, butter, liver, cheddar cheese and whole milk.
Vitamin E has antioxidant properties and improves sperm motility.
- It is found in wheat germ oil and sunflower oil, olives, almonds, eggs, cheese, chicken, turkey, lamb, pork, veal, milk, kiwis and mango.
Specialists in Reproductive Medicine at ProcreaTec, International Fertility Centre, recommend that men do not take vitamin supplements unless there is known to be a deficiency. An excess of vitamins can be detrimental to male fertility. For example, taking vitamin C in excess, causes an increase in sperm de-condensation while an excess of selenium reduces sperm motility.
A complete and balanced diet gives the body the full range of nutrients it needs. Multivitamins should only be taken if prescribed by a fertility specialist.