At IVF-Spain Madrid we offer a special treatment for female couples who wish to share motherhood: the ROPA method, an assisted reproduction treatment method for female couples who wish to have children together.
How does the ROPA method work?
The ROPA Method works like a normal In Vitro Fertilisation, using eggs of one woman together with donor sperm. The main difference is that the woman donating her eggs won’t be the one conceiving the child, her partner will. This way both will be part of the creation and birth of their mutual child.
Where will the donor sperm come from?
As all the donations in Spain, a sperm donation undergoes strict protocols and is completely anonymous. As a result, neither the donor nor the receiving couple and resulting child will ever know the identity of each other.
A sperm donation is not only defined by law as anonymous, but also as a voluntary and altruistic act which includes different very strict medical protocols. These include different medical tests a donor has to pass before he gets the allowance to donate.
The current legal situation in Spain
In 1998, the Assisted Reproduction Act established a woman’s right to create her family freely and responsibly. In Spain, fortunately, we have a legal framework that protects the reproductive rights of women, regardless of their sexual condition, a fact that was consolidated in 2005 by the approval of homosexual marriage.
One year later, in 2006, this right applies to assisted reproduction techniques, where it is more specifically specified that same-sex couples may also undergo fertility treatments. This was undoubtedly a great step forward in terms of equal rights and allowed both women to be recognized as the parents of the baby.
There is still a long way to go in terms of equality between heterosexual couples and lesbian couples in the field of assisted reproduction, since, if a woman couple is not married, they will not both be able to register the baby with the civil registry.
What makes an ROPA method successful?
The first and most important step of every successful treatment is the communication between the patients and the clinic. The future mothers need to be informed about every step of the process and that is why personalised and individual care is very important.
- First medical consultation: One of our experts will study your case and explain every step of the process, elaborating with you an individual treatment plan adapted to all your needs. This plan will also include all necessary tests to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.
- Ovarian stimulation: At our clinic we have special stimulation protocols we follow in order to be able to obtain for each individual patient the necessary number of oocytes to fertilise in the laboratory. The goal of this procedure is to obtain a good quality embryo that can later be transferred to the couple and achieve a successful pregnancy. This process can take between 10 and 20 days until the right size is reached and the eggs can be retrieved.
- Egg retrieval and follicular aspiration: Once the eggs have grown until the desirable size they will be extracted in a The minor surgical operation guided by ultrasound scan. This procedure will take place in our clinics’ operating theatres. There won’t be necessary any hospitalisation and the patient will be able to go home after resting for a couple of hours.
- Fertilisation and embryo culture: After the eggs are retrieved they will be passed to our embryology team. In the laboratory they fertilise the eggs using the semen from the donor previously selected by the medical staff. Our laboratories work with technology capable of monitoring the embryos and generating constant information on cell division and subsequent embryonic development. Thanks to this technology we can select the best embryo with the greatest potential for implantation and, therefore, increase the possibilities of achieving pregnancy.
- Preparation of the endometrium: This is a very important step for every fertility treatment, as the endometrium will have to receive the embryo so it can implant correctly. The endometrium plays the most important role in the implantation process. The endometrial growth has to reach the right thickness, once this happens the endometrium is prepared to receive the embryo.
- Transfer of the best embryo: The transfer is when the patients experience the first contact with their future baby and therefore a very special moment. The transfer is a quick and painless process, where the specialist introduces a flexible cannula through the cervix until the embryo is deposited. In our clinics we recommend the transfer of a single embryo. This is because we have advanced technology to select the best embryo, always extending its culture until the fifth or sixth day of embryonic development, known as the blastocyst stage, and thus eliminating the risks of a multiple pregnancy and its complications.
- Vitrification of the remaining embryos: Once the chosen embryo has been transferred, the remaining embryos are vitrified, to be used for future treatments. Thanks to the vitrification future pregnancies can take place without repeating the entire process of ovarian stimulation and the follicular puncture.
- Pregnancy test: Ten days after the transfer the patient will do the β-hCG blood test either at home or at the clinic. With this test, we will be able to verify the success of the pregnancy and proceed to give you the rest of the instructions to follow.
Our patients tell us how they made their dream of shared motherhood came true thanks to the ROPA treatment at IVF-Spain Madrid.
If you would like more information you can fill out this form and we will contact you to answer all your questions.