Infertility problems affect both men and women equally. There are lots of male related factors that can prevent pregnancy from occurring. Certain diseases can be tackled with specific treatments but in other cases the couple must seek sperm donation.
Who is it for?
Couples that are affected by sterility: absence of or low sperm count, total or almost total sperm immobility, abnormalities in all or almost all male gametes.
Couples that are carriers of genetic disorders with a high probability of hereditary transmission.
Couples that are carriers of incurable infectious diseases.
Homosexual couples of childbearing age.
Single women of childbearing age.
Who are the donors?
Spanish law allows sperm donation that is provided freely, anonymously and altruistically. Sperm donors may be aged 18 to 50 but online sperm banks generally accept donors aged 18 to 35. Prior to donation, donors must undergo a thorough medical and psychological evaluation (family history, sexually transmitted diseases or genetic diseases).
The donated sperm is analysed and must show minimum values issued by the World Health Organization. These references have recently been revised, following an analysis of 4,500 men from 14 different countries. In view of the results, the WHO current values were determined using data obtained from men who had achieved pregnancy with their partner in the 12 months following the test.
The process is the same as egg donation. The choice of donor is made according to the recipient’s physical characteristics, and the blood group of the couple or the receiving patient.
Homosexual couples or single women can either indicate their preferences to the clinic or let the centre decide.
Sperm donation in Spain is anonymous and under no circumstances can donor identification be revealed. For this reason, donors must enter into a binding agreement that ensures their personal data will not be disclosed and that there will be no relationship with the child who is born as a result of the sperm donation.
Sometimes the children born from donated gametes, and also the receivers, may be granted access to some general information without the donor’s identity being revealed. Only in the event of the child’s life being at risk will the donor’s medical details be disclosed, and only if doing so can save the child’s life.